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PostPosted: Fri Sep 19, 2008 9:47 am 
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Mriana wrote:
Can't say it's much better in the Midwest.


:lol: :lol: :lol:

...or in the deep south for that matter.

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PostPosted: Fri Sep 19, 2008 8:51 pm 
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Quote:
"Sarah Palin Witch Hunting Pastor Returns to Wasilla"

"Sarah Palin says she was anointed Governor by Thomas Muthee, who hunts down women he accuses of witchcraft, with angry mobs threatening to stone women to death. How could we place Sarah Palin in line to become President of the United States?!? Do we want to the Salem witch trials again? "


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PostPosted: Sat Sep 20, 2008 11:15 am 
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"'Witches' burnt to death in Kenya" on the BBC news dated May 21, 2008

"Eleven elderly people accused of being witches have been burned to death by a mob in the west of Kenya, police say."
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7413268.stm

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PostPosted: Sat Dec 27, 2008 7:31 am 
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Thanks for this list.If you had a few lifetimes to burn and nothing better to do,you could update this list every week.Even as a clueless teen I contended with PMRC, the Moral Majority,and various-and-sundry other arms of their thought police.I first read the Bible then to defend myself from them.


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PostPosted: Fri Sep 18, 2009 8:44 am 
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Just wanted to add a link about the new film about Hypatia titled, Agora to this thread:

Hypatia - new film 2009
http://www.freethoughtnation.com/forums ... php?t=2835

New Film coming out - "Agora"
(with Rachel Weisz as Hypatia) - Trailer
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nSTkMYEC ... re=channel

This film is significant because it describes the barbaric history of Christianity"

Quote:
The synopsis:

"4th century AD Egypt under the Roman Empire...Violent religious upheaval in the streets of Alexandria spills over into the city's famous Library. Trapped inside its walls, the brilliant astronomer Hypatia and her disciples fight to save the wisdom of the Ancient World... Among them, the two men competing for her heart: the witty, privileged Orestes and Davus, Hypatia's young slave, who is torn between his secret love for her and the freedom he knows can be his if he chooses to join the unstoppable surge of the Christians."


The death of the beautiful Hypatia marked the end of the Greek Philosophy and Science. After her murder Europe entered the Dark Ages.

Lets not forget:

"415 In Alexandria, Egypt, the mob urged by the bishop Cyrillus, attacks a few days before the judaeo-christian Pascha (Pesach-Easter) and hacks to pieces the famous and beautiful philosopher Hypatia. Pieces of her body are paraded by the christian mob through the streets of Alexandria, and are finally burned together with her books in a place called Cynaron. On 30th August, new persecutions start against all the Pagan priests of North Africa, who end their lives either crucified or burned alive. "
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VLzbxJ0RNFY

Official Web Site: http://agorathemovie.com

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PostPosted: Sun Dec 13, 2009 2:26 am 
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Agora: new film about Hypatia 2009
viewtopic.php?f=5&t=2835


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PostPosted: Sun Dec 13, 2009 7:22 pm 
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Whoa! Not too keen on all the violence, but the rest of it seems quite awesome. It should be a good movie.

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Nonviolence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man. ~ Gandhi

Non-violence leads to the highest ethics, which is the goal of all evolution. Until we stop harming all other living beings, we are still savages. ~ Thomas A. Edison


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PostPosted: Thu Jan 07, 2010 11:34 pm 
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I was searching for this earlier and couldn't find it. I suppose we may have lost a few threads in the update. I'm going to re-post this here as a recent example that the discrimination is still going on even today.

Quote:
Fired for Saying Adam and Eve Mythical?

"So says a professor from a community college in Iowa. The Des Moines Register reports:

A community college instructor in Red Oak claims he was fired after he told his students that the biblical story of Adam and Eve should not be literally interpreted.

Steve Bitterman, 60, said officials at Southwestern Community College sided with a handful of students who threatened legal action over his remarks in a western civilization class Tuesday. He said he was fired Thursday.

More details from Bitterman:

Bitterman, who taught part time at Southwestern and Omaha's Metropolitan Community College, said he uses the Old Testament in his western civilization course and always teaches it from an academic standpoint.

Bitterman's Tuesday course was telecast to students in Osceola over the Iowa Communications Network. A few students in the Osceola classroom, he said, thought the lesson was "denigrating their religion."

"I put the Hebrew religion on the same plane as any other religion. Their god wasn't given any more credibility than any other god," Bitterman said. "I told them it was an extremely meaningful story, but you had to see it in a poetic, metaphoric or symbolic sense, that if you took it literally, that you were going to miss a whole lot of meaning there."

Bitterman said he called the story of Adam and Eve a "fairy tale" in a conversation with a student after the class and was told the students had threatened to see an attorney. He declined to identify any of the students in the class.

"I just thought there was such a thing as academic freedom here," he said. "From my point of view, what they're doing is essentially teaching their students very well to function in the eighth century."...

Bitterman said Linda Wild, vice president of academic affairs at Southwest, fired him over the telephone.

And here's the school's vague side of the story:

Sarah Smith, director of the school's Red Oak campus, declined to comment Friday on Bitterman's employment status. The school's president, Barbara Crittenden, said Bitterman taught one course at Southwest. She would not comment, however, on his claim that he was fired over the Bible reference, saying it was a personnel issue.

"I can assure you that the college understands our employees' free-speech rights," she said. "There was no action taken that violated the First Amendment."...

Wild did not return telephone or e-mail messages Friday. Bitterman said that he can think of no other reason college officials would fire him and that Smith, the director of the campus, has previously sat in on his classes and complimented his work.

This could become very interesting. It's nothing but an accusation at this point, of course, but given the incredibly vague response by the college, it's hard to take their denials seriously."

http://scienceblogs.com/dispatches/2007 ... nd_eve.php

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 14, 2010 2:29 pm 
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Mass crimes against humanity and genocides

A list of atrocities: 1450 CE to 1903

http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide2.htm

http://www.religioustolerance.org/intol_bibl.htm

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 14, 2010 2:29 pm 
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Mass crimes against humanity and genocides

A list of atrocities: 1450 CE to 1903

http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocide2.htm

http://www.religioustolerance.org/intol_bibl.htm

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PostPosted: Tue Jan 26, 2010 3:26 pm 
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VICTIMS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

Woman suspected of witchcraft burned alive

This looks like the latest date for execution in Europe:

1 burned alive at Verkhnesadovye, Ukraine, January, 1997

And the last date for official execution in the USA would appear to be:

1 executed at Kaskaskia, IL, USA, 1870

1 murdered in Pennsylvania in 1929

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/vatic ... can29a.htm

http://www.sacred-texts.com/pag/burning.htm

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PostPosted: Sat Jan 30, 2010 6:48 am 
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What an astounding story, it certainly pins the cause of the Dark Ages very directly on Christian fanaticism. This legacy is why present day creationist fanaticism is so scary - once bigots achieve state power it leads rapidly to persecution of the truth. People often think the Dark Ages were due to barbarian invasions of Rome, whereas this timeline shows that the emerging fanaticism within the Empire must take major blame, especially the intolerance of diversity and destruction of knowledge by Christianity.

I've had a strong interest in Russian history, especially the work of Robert Conquest such as The Great Terror. This timeline of Christian origins has an eerie similarity to the Great Terror of 1937, when Stalin completed the purge of the Old Bolsheviks, and to the man-made famine in Ukraine which Conquest documents in Harvest of Sorrow. The idea of a monolithic state in which dissent is a capital offence has a long Christian history, and we can see that the communist party of the Soviet Union was modelled on the Roman Catholic Church in terms of propaganda, hierarchy and obedience. These false values have been so internalised that the church is rotten to the core. I suspect that the Roman Catholic Church will soon go the same way as the Soviet Union due to their unsustainable false and evil doctrines.

Despite these comments I remain of the view that there is a redemptive message within the Gospels, but this message has to be completely separated from the church ignorance that produced Christendom. Christianity needs a creative destruction to return to its repressed astrotheological origins.


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PostPosted: Tue Mar 02, 2010 3:05 pm 
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How many people have been killed in the name of Christianity?

The site listed above, Religious Tolerance, has become the "go-to" for the supposed death toll of "witches" destroyed by the Church. It has come to the conclusion that the "Burning Times" only occupied a decade or so and that "only" about 50,000 people were killed. This revisionist reduction seems incredibly myopic and gives the impression that the Inquisition itself only lasted that long. Now, people are going around claiming that only a "few tens of thousands were ever killed in the name of Christianity." They are citing "peer-reviewed" scholarship to support their claim, although I frankly haven't seen any real citations.

I am very concerned that this whole period of horror is being written out of history. According to Barbara Walker, a Catholic Church historian from the turn of the 19th century has suggested the Church is quietly destroying all of its records of the Inquisition. Apparently they are having much help in whitewashing the destruction of Pagan Europe from their Protestant counterparts, who are evidently desperately interested in restoring the good name of Christ's Church by whatever means, including the absolute injustice of denying all these deaths. In this regard, I feel the need to keep chronicling this atrocious episode in human history.

On this long page linked here is a lengthy section outlining the genocide from the Crusades onward, which obviously occurred after the horrendous destruction that is the subject of this thread. I think it's worthwhile reposting some of it here, especially since we can see at a glance that the notion of the witchhunts only lasting a decade or so is completely erroneous and inexplicably asserted.

I don't know how much of this massive list is overlap for this article, Victims of the Christian Faith, but it is always worthy of repeating. Moreover, this list does not include the millions of slaves who died from the Judeo-Christian-organized slave trade. (The list of slaves who fell to Islam is obviously not included here either.)

As we can see, the figure of 250 million given by some sources is not at all without foundation, especially if we count the slaves and the natives of the Americas, both north and south. Below it is estimated that some 60 million Native Americans were slaughtered by Christians. How absolutely insulting to their memory to have revisionists running around attempting to claim that "only" a "few tens of thousands have been killed in the name of Christianity."

This list also does not include the Portuguese invasion and genocide of India, also done in the name of Christ. The Opium Wars against the Chinese were likewise conducted by Christians, who undoubtedly justified their aggression against the "heathen" by use of scripture.

Quote:
How the Inquisition of the catholic church Ties in with our present day problems,conspiracies hatred and ignorance

The First Crusade to "rescue" the holy lands began on command of Pope Urban II in 1095.
Crusaders slew thousands of non-Christians at Wieselburg, 6/12/1096.
Crusaders slew thousands of non-Christians at Semlin, 6/24/1096.
Crusaders slew thousands of non-Christians at Nikaia, Xerigordon, from 9/9/1096 to 9/26/1096.

40 cities and over 200 castles were sacked by the crusaders between 1095 and 1098. Jews living in Worms were killed in 5/18/1096, 1100 Jews were killed in Mainz 5/27/1096, Cologne, Neuss, Altenahr, Wevelinghoven, Xanten, Moers, Dortmund, Kerpen, Trier, Metz, Regensburg, & Prag.

Antiochia was conquered, and 50,000 killed, 6/3/1098. According to Christian chronicler Fulcher of Chartres, the crusaders ran their lances through the bellies of all the women they found.

Maraat An-Numan was captured and thousands killed on 12/11/1098. According to Chronicler Albert Aquensis, the Christian conquerors engaged in acts of cannibalism.

Jerusalem was conquered on 7/15/1099 and 60,000 non-Christians were killed. Bodies were slit open to search for gold coins they might have swallowed. Jews who had taken refuge in the city's synagogue were burned alive, thousands of muslims were chopped to death in Al-Aqsa mosque. According to the Archbishop of Tyre, who was an eye-witness, "It was impossible to look upon the vast numbers of the slain without horror; everywhere lay fragments of human bodies, and the very ground was covered with the blood of the slain. It was not alone the spectacle of headless bodies and mutilated limbs strewn in all directions that roused the horror of all who looked upon them. Still more dreadful was it to gaze upon the victors themselves, dripping with blood from head to foot, an ominous sight which brought terror to all who met them. It is reported that within the Temple enclosure alone about ten thousand infidels perished." Christian chronicler Eckehard of Aura noted that "even the following summer in all of Palestine the air was polluted by the stench of decomposition".

"Entering the city [Jerusalem, July 15, 1099], our pilgrims pursued and killed Saracens up to the Temple of Solomon, in which they had assembled and where they gave battle to us furiously for the whole day so that their blood flowed throughout the whole temple. Finally, having overcome the pagans, our knights seized a great number of men and women, and the killed whom they wished and whom they wished they let live.... Then, rejoicing and weeping from extreme joy, our men went to worship at the sepulchre of jour Saviour Jesus and thus fulfilled their pledge to Him.... They also ordered that all the Saracen dead should be thrown out of the city because of the extreme stench, for the city was almost full of their cadavers. The live Saracens dragged the dead out before the gates and made piles of them, like houses. No one has ever heard of or seen such a slaughter of pagan peoples since pyres were made of them like boundary marks, and no one except God knows their number."

[Histoire anonyme de la premiere croisade, L. Brehier, ed. Paris: Champion, 1924 (From The Portable Medieval Reader, Ed. James Bruce Ross and Mary Martin McLaughlin)]

The Battle of Askalon results in 200,000 non-Christians killed "in the name of Our Lord Jesus Christ", 8/12/1099.

Bernard of Clairvaux, at the request of Pope Eugenius III, preached a new crusade of, "Total extermination of the Heathen - or definitive conversion!" in 1115. Bernard is also famous for the Christian doctrine that all pursuit of knowledge was a sin unless directed by the church. The church, based on Ecclesiastes, declared that all that man needed to know was already known, and considered any new search for knowledge heresy.

The Second Crusade began in 1147 with the slaughter of Jews in French cities of Ham, Sully, Carentan, and Rameru. The Second Crusade failed to re-capture Jerusalem.

The Third Crusade sacked Jewish settlements in England from 1189 to 1190. Jewish communities in London, Canterbury, Northampton, Lincoln, Cambridge, and others were exterminated.

Innocent III became Pope in 1198. During his coronation, Innocent described himself as the new Christ, then ordered a fourth crusade even as the third collapsed. Innocent III ordered Jews to live in ghettos, wear a yellow sign in public, forbade Jews to intermarry with other races, and banned Jews from certain occupations. The Nazis later cited Innocent III in their defense at Neuremburg.

Constantinople was sacked by crusaders during the Fourth Crusade on 4/12/1204. From 1095 until the fall of Akkon in 1291 probably 20 million victims in the Holy land and Arab/Turkish areas were killed by the Crusaders according to contemporary Christian chroniclers.

Albigensians, even though Christian (Cathars/Mithraists) refused to submit to the rule of Rome or to pay taxes levied by the Catholic church to pay for the disastrous Crusades. In retaliation, Pope Innocent III declared them to be heretics. 70,000 were killed in France on 7/22/1209, and thousands more were slain at Carcassonne on 8/15/1209. The genocide continued for 20 years, eventually killing over a million people, roughly 1/2 the population of Southern France. At the end of the war, the Holy Inquisition was founded to hunt down the last survivors of the heretics and erase them from the Earth. The last Cathar was burned at the stake in 1324. The Inquisition then went after other sects, including Waldensians, Paulikians, Runcarians, and Josephites. Brother Torquemada, a former Dominican friar, allegedly was personally responsible for 10,220 burnings. The Office Of The Holy Inquisition continued in power until 1832.

The Children's Crusade

At a time when popular support for the crusades was on the wane, a 12 year old boy, Stephen of Cloyes, approached the King of France bearing what he claimed is a letter written by Jesus Christ himself calling for yet another crusade to "rescue" the holy lands. King Philip Augustus, as tired of the crusades as was everyone else refused his blessing and permission and told the young boy to go home. Despite the lack of royal support, Christian priests encouraged the young boy, shamed the parents into supporting their quest, and soon 20000 children, some as young as 6 years old, marched for the holy land. However, the Children's Crusade never reached the Holy Lands. The priests returned, but the children were gone, sold to the Arabs as slaves. After 30 years, only a handful managed to return to their homes.

At least 8000, and by one account 11,000 men, women, and children of Steding, Germany, who were unwilling to pay taxes imposed by the Christian church, were executed on 5/27/1234.

34 Jewish men and women were killed by Christians at Fulda, Germany in 1235.

180 people, their names unrecorded, were burned for the crime of witchcraft at Montwimer, France, on 29 May, 1239.

Barthe, Angela de la: was burned for heresy at Toulouse, France, in 1275.

A Christian priest persuaded several children to accompany him away from their village on 6/26/1284. The children were never seen again, but terrified parents found bloody body parts hanging in trees in the forest. The local church re-wrote the story to blame the vanished children on the sins of the villagers themselves and thus was born the story of the Pied Piper of Hamlin town. (See Nathanial Bar-Jonah)

10,000 Jews were killed by Christians at Bohemia in 1290.

The Knights Templar

Start of the extermination of the Knights Templar by the King of France (who owed the Knights Templar a great deal of money and wished to evade the debt) and the church, which was jealous of the Templar's power. Both King and cleric coveted the Templars' vast wealth. 36 Knights Templar were tortured to death in France, following their arrest on Friday, the 13th of October, 1307. This is the origin of the belief that Friday the 13th is unlucky.

54 Knights Templar burned in France, on 12 May, 1310.

Albano, Peter of: died in prison serving a sentence for heresy circa 1310

39 Knights Templar burned in France, on 18 March 1314.

Jacques De Molay

After surviving several years of torture, Jacques De Molay, Grand Master of the Templars, was roasted alive by Christians in France on 14 March 1314. The deliberate slow manner of death was intended to force him to reveal where the treasure of the Templars was hidden. While it was popularly thought that the Treasure of the Templars was a vast wealth of gold, Jacques De Molay's willingness to endure his torments without surrender supports the theory that he was protecting a much more precious secret than mere gold; the location and identity of the descendants of the historical Jesus.

Marigny, Enguerrand de: was hanged for heresy in France in 1315

Geraud, Hughes: burned for witchcraft in France in 1317
200 + burned at Carcassonne, France, between 1320-1350. Individual examples follow.
"Some" burned for witchcraft at Kilkenny, Ireland, 1323.
Nottingham, John of: died in custody, Coventry, England, 1324
Meath, Petronilla de: burned as a witch, the first such burning in Ireland, on 3 November, 1324
Andrius, Barthelemy: burned for heresy at Carcassonne, France in 1330
Andrius, Jean: burned at Carcassonne, France in 1330
Andrius, Phillippe: burned at Carcassonne, France in 1330
Ciceron, Andre: burned alive at Carcassone, France, in 1335
Rodier, Catala: burned alive at Carcassone, France, in 1335
Rodier, Paul: burned alive at Carcassone, France, in 1335
Georgel, Anna Marie de: burned at Toulouse, France, in 1335
Delort, Catherine: burned at Toulouse, France, in 1335
61 others, names not recorded, burned at Toulouse, France, in 1335

Christians in Deggendorf, Germany launched a "Jew killing craze" that spread to 51 towns in Bavaria, Austria, and Poland in 1337.
All Jews in Basel, Switzerland and Strasbourg, France were burned at the stake during 1348.

340,000 people died of plague in England, roughly 30% of the population in the winter of 1349. Christians had banned not only the study of medicine, but declared hygiene to be "sensuous" and therefore a sin. Average life expectancy, which had been 45-50 during Roman Pagan times, fell to 25-30 under Christian rule.

The "Jew killing craze" spread to 350 towns throughout Germany in 1349. All Jews were murdered, most by fire. More Jews died at the hands of Christians in this one year than Christians died during 200 years of Roman persecution.

3000 Jews were slaughtered in Prague in 1389.

Archbishop Martinez ordered the execution of 4000 Jews in Seville in 1391. Another 25000 were sold into slavery and the the church kept the money. Prior to the attack, all Jews over the age of 10 were required to wear identifying badges.

8 witches, names not recorded, burned at Carcassonne, France, in 1352.
31 witches, names not recorded, burned at Carcassonne, France, in 1357.
67 more witches, names not recorded, burned at Carcassonne, France, between 1387-1400
Brigue, Jehane de: burned alive at the Pig Market in Paris on 19 August, 1391
de Ruilly, Macette: burned alive at the Pig Market in Paris on 19 August, 1391
Witch burned in Berlin, 1399. Name not recorded.

Crusades against the Hussites, considered sorcerers by the church. Thousands were slaim during the 1400s.

"Several" witches, names not recorded, burned alive at Simmenthal, Switzerland, circa 1400.

John Huss: Burned in 1415 as a heretic for questioning the selling of indulgences by the Pope, and suggesting that Popes were capable of error. Of all the examples of Papal fallibility Huss presented at his trial, the only one not denounced as false by the presiding clergy was the existence of Pope Joan.

"Several" witches, names not recorded, burned at Carcassonne, France, in 1423.
200 + witches, names not recorded, executed in the Valais, France between 1428-1434.
167 witches, names not recorded, executed in l'Isere, France, between 1428-1447.

Joan Of Arc

Joan of Arc: accused of witchcraft and burned at Rouen, France, on 30 May, 1431

16 witches, names not recorded, executed in Toulouse, France, in 1432.
8 witches, names not recorded, executed in Toulouse, France, in 1433.
Johannes Nider writes "Formicarius" in 1435. It portrays witches as acting alone. There are no mentions of covens or sabbats.
150 witches, names not recorded, executed in Briancon, France, in 1437.

A witch, tied and suspended above a fire.

Greland, Jean: burned at Chamonix, France, in 1438, with 10 others
Vallin, Pierre: executed in France, in 1438
Mazelier, Hanchemand de: arrested at Neuchatel, Germany 1439
Corrillaut, Etienne: executed at Machecoul, France in 1440
Griart, Henri: executed at Machecoul, France in 1440
Rais, Gilles de: on charges of witchcraft, executed 26 October, 1440
Jordemaine, Margery: burned at Smithfield, England, on 27 October, 1441
Bolingbroke, Roger: hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn, England, on 18 November, 1441
3 witches, names not recorded, burned in Savoy between 1446 and 1447.

Inquisitor Jean Vineti writes "Tractatus contra Demonum Invocatores" in 1450, declaring for the first time that the practice of witchcraft is heresy against the Christian faith.

7 witches, names not recorded, killed at Marmande, France, in 1453.
1 witch, name not recorded, burned at Locarno, Italy, in 1455.

Battle of Belgrade: 80,000 Turks who refused to convert to Christianity were slaughtered in 1456.

"Many" witches, names not recorded, burned in Arras, France in 1459 - 1460.
Jennin, (first name unknown): burned at Cambrai, France, in 1460.

Inquisitor Girolamo Visconti wrote "Lamiarum sive Striarum Opuscalum" in 1460, declaring that defending a witch is itself an act of heresy punishable by the church.

2 witches, names not recorded, burned in Burgundy, France, in 1470.
3 witches, names not recorded, burned at Forno-Rivara, Italy, in 1472.
2 witches, names not recorded, burned at Levone, in Italy, in 1474.
5 witches, names not recorded, burned at Forno, Italy, in 1475.
12 women and "several" men , names not recorded, burned at Edinburgh, in 1479.
4 witches, names not recorded, burned at Metz, Germany, in 1482.
48 witches, names not recorded, burned at Constance, between 1482-1486.
4 witches, names not recorded, burned at Metz, Germany, in 1482.
48 witches, names not recorded, burned at Constance, between 1482-1486.

2 witches, names not recorded, burned at Toulouse, France, in 1484.
2 witches, names not recorded, burned in Chaucy, France in 1485.
1 witch, name not recorded, died in prison, at Metz, Germany 1488.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed at Mairange, Germany, on 17 June, 1488.
2 witches, names not recorded, executed at Mairange, Germany, on 25 June, 1488.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed at Chastel, Germany, on 26 June, 1488.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed at Metz, Germany, on 1 July, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Salney, Germany, on 3 July, 1488.
2 witches, names not recorded, executed at Salney, Germany, on 12 July, 1488.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed at Salney, Germany, on 19 July, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Brieg, Germany, on 19 July, 1488.
2 witches, names not recorded, executed at Juxney, Germany, on 19 August, 1488.
5 witches, names not recorded, executed at Thionville, Germany, on 23 August, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Metz, Germany, on 2 September, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Vigey, Germany, on 15 September, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Juxney, Germany, on 22 September, 1488.

Inquisitor Tomás de Torquemada staged the first "Auto-da-fe" ("Act of faith") in Seville in 1491. By the time the last Auto-da-fe was held in Spain in 1802, 340,000 people fell victim to the spectacle. 24,000 were burned. Others were required to flog and scourge themselves before the audience. Ostensibly a religious service held on All Saint's Day, the Auto-da-fe was a revival of Roman blood sports, complete with church concessionaires selling food, beverages, and souvenirs to the audiences. The best seats had the highest ticket prices. Auto-da-fes were held in the new world as well, with the last recorded one taking place in Mexico in 1815.

"Malleus Malificarum" was first published in 1486. Authored by two Dominicans, the Christians' authoritative book on witches eventually reached 28 editions in 5 languages over the next 200 years, all of which were cited as authority for the torture and execution of witches.

Alphonsus de Spina's "Fortalicium Fidei" was published in 1467. Citing it as authority, the monks of the Benedictine Monastery at St. Maximin at Treves executed over 300 people for the crime of withchraft, growing wealthy on the confiscated property of the condemned.

Innocent VIII became Pope in 1484. Immediately he launched the anti witch campaigns. Allowed church officials involved in the witch hunts to keep the wealth of the condemned. Greed fueled the holocaust to come. Innocent VIII held a wedding for his illegitimate son in the Vatican itself. The bride's mother was Innocent VIII's illegitimate daughter!

Christopher Columbus

Columbus, having quit the profession of slave trading to become an explorer, sailed for the new world in 1492. Within hours of landing, Columbus had kidnapped 6 natives in order to "christianize" them and make them his servants. Columbus incorrectly reported that the inhabitants of the New World had no religion. After planting a cross, Columbus would say the "Requerimiento", a prayer that officially made the newly found lands Catholic. Since nobody present objected (the natives did not speak latin), the new world became officially the domain of the Catholic church. Over the next hundred years, thousands of indians were burned to death for offending Christians.

A hundred Indians bundled together and set on fire by the Christian Conquestadores.

On Hispaniola alone, 50,000 Arawaks were killed, the rest were sent into slavery. Chief Hatuey declared that if heaven is where Christians go, that he would prefer to live in hell. He was burned alive for heresy. What happened to his people was described by an eyewitness: "The Spaniards found pleasure in inventing all kinds of odd cruelties ... They built a long gibbet, long enough for the toes to touch the ground to prevent strangling, and hanged thirteen [natives] at a time in honor of Christ Our Saviour and the twelve Apostles... then, straw was wrapped around their torn bodies and they were burned alive."

150,000 Jews were expelled from Spain on 6/30/1492. Most died before finding a new home.

Gracia la Valle, burned in Saragossa. First execution of a witch in Spain, in 1498.

Girolamo Savonarola was declared a heretic, arrested, tortured, hanged and then burned in the Plaza della Signoria in 1498 for publicly criticizing the wild orgies thrown inside the Vatican by Pope Alexander VI. According to Savonerola, "The Papal Palace had literally become a house of prostitution where harlots sit upon the throne of Solomon and signal to the passersby. Whoever can pay enters and does what he wishes."

Bragadini, Mark Antony: beheaded in Italy in the 1500's

1 witch, name not recorded, executed in France in 1500.
3 women, names not recorded, executed as witches in Spain in 1500.

START OF THE "LITTLE ICE AGE"

Starting in the mid 16th Century, Europe's climate starts a cooling spell which will last 300 years. Unaware that the sun's enerhy output has slightly decreased (The Maunder Minimum) Religious leaders of Europe blame human actions for climate change (not unlike the current tendancy to blame a warming planet solely on human activity), and add the deteriorating weather to the list of "crimes" of witches.

30 witches, names not recorded, burned in Calahorra, Spain, in 1507.
1 witch, name not recorded, burned in Saxony, Germany, in 1510.
60 witches, names not recorded, burned in Lombardia, Northern Italy, in 1510.
2 women, names not recorded, executed for witchcraft in Spain 1512.
500 + witches, names not recorded, burned in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1515.

Kuhnlin, Elsa: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1518
Paeffin, Elsa: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1518
Thausser, Simon: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1518
Thausser (wife of Simon, no name given): burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1518

Hanging of a condemned witch, name not recorded, in 1520.

64 witches, names not recorded, burned in Val Camonica, Italy between 1518-1521.
2 witches, names not recorded, burned in Besancon, France, in 1521.
100 witches, names not recorded, burned in Como, Italy, in 1523.
1000 + witches, names not recorded, in Como, Italy, in 1524.

900 witches, names and dates not recorded, executed by Nicholas Remy during this time period.

Sattler, Michael: leader of a baptist community, burned at the stake in Rottenburg, Germany, 5/20/1527. His wife was burned at the stake a few days later.

Wachin, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1528

Manseneé, Desle la: executed at Anjux, France on 18 Dec. 1529
Mullerin, Elsbet: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1531

"A large number" of witches, names not recorded, executed at Saragossa, Spain, in 1536.

Brigge, Mabel: executed in York, England,1538

Hubmaier, B.: University professor burned at the stake for heresy in Vienna, 1538.

deLarue, (first name unknown): burned at Rouen, in 1540

Morin (first name unknown): burned at Rouen, in 1540

Echtinger, Barbara: imprisoned for life at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 August, 1545
Askew, Anne: burned for witchcraft 1546

7 witches, names not recorded, burned at Nantes, France, in 1549.
1 witch, name not recorded, burned at Lyons, France, in 1549.
Amalaric, Madeline: burned in France in mid-1500's.

Following the conquest of Peru by Pizarro, the potato is introduced to Europe. Far less vulnerable to the cooling of the "Little Ice Age" than the cerial crops being farmed at the time, the potato offers salvation from the famine sweeping over the lands. But church leaders declare the potato the food of the Devil due to its being grown underground, and millions starve to death as a result.

Various methods of execution, 1554.

Illustration of a witch being burned, dated 1555.

3 witches, names not recorded, burned alive at Derneburg, Germany, on 4 October, 1555.

1 witch, name not recorded, burned alive at Bievires, France, in 1556.
Douglas, Janet: burned at Castle, Hill, Scotland, on 17 July, 1557.
Hezensohn, Joachim: beheaded at Waldsee, Germany, in 1557.
5 witches, names not recorded, burned at Verneuil, France, in 1561.

17,000 + witches, names not recorded, in Scotland from 1563 to 1603.
4 witches, names not recorded, burned at Potiers, France, in 1564.

Waterhouse, (first name unknown): hanged as a witch in Dorset, England in 1565.

An unknown number of witches, names not recorded, burned at Vernon, Normandy, France, in 1566.

Waterhouse, Agnes: executed in Chelmsford, England, 29 July, 1566 as the first "Chelmsford Witch".

Humphrey Gilbert, half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh, in order to convince the Gaelic Irish to convert to Chritianity, ordered that "the heddes of all those (of what sort soever thei were) which were killed in the daie, should be cutte off from their bodies... and should bee laied on the ground by eche side of the waie", which effort to civilize the Irish indeed caused "greate terrour to the people when thei sawe the heddes of their dedde fathers, brothers, children, kinsfolke, and freinds on the grounde" in 1567. Knighted for his victory in 1570.

The Spanish Inquisition ordered extermination of 3 million religeous rebels in the Netherlands. 5000 Protestants were drowned by Catholic troops, their hats washing ashore at Emden in 1568.

Paris, (first name unknown): hanged at St. Andrews, Scotland, in 1569
Steward, William: hanged at St. Andrews, Scotland, in 1569
"Many" witches, names not recorded, burned in France in 1571.
Trois-Echelles (pseud.): executed at Paris, France, in 1571 (or 1574)
Bowman, Janet: burned as a witch in Scotland in 1572
Pope Pius V orders the execution of 20,000 Huguenots in France in 1572.
Fief, Mary le: of Samur, France, accused of witchcraft, on 13 October 1573.
Following 1573 and lasting until the witch hunts ended, an estimated 70,000 people in England were executed for the crime of witchcraft.
80 witches, names not recorded, executed in one fire at Valery-en-Savoie, France, in 1574.
Arnold, (first name unknown): hanged at Barking, England, in 1574. 8
Garnier, Gilles: burned as a werewolf in Dole, France 1574.
Dunlop, Bessie: burned at Castle Hill, Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1576.
Pajot, Marguerite: executed at Tonnerre, France, in 1576.
Doree, Catherine: executed at Courveres, France, in 1577.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed in Dorset, England, in 1578.
36 persons, names not recorded, executed for witchcraft at Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1578.
Harvilliers, Jeanne: executed in France, in 1578.
Frances, Elizabeth: executed in Chelmsford, England, 1579.

Jean Bodin, witch hunt fanatic, published "De la Demonomanie des Sorciers" in 1580, in which he argued that a person merely accused of witchcraft could never be found innocent.

Beuchel, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1581.
Buckh, Appollonia: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1581.
Schwarz, Eva: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1581.
Wuncil, Brigida: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581.
Einseler, Catharina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581
Isolin, Madlen: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581
Rosch, Maria: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581
Flieger, Catharina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581
Scharber, Elsbeth: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1581
Kemp, Ursula: executed at St. Oyth, England in 1582
18 witches, names not recorded, killed at St. Oses, England, in 1582.
Bennet, Elizabeth: executed in St. Osyth, England in 1582
Gabley, (first name unknown): executed at King's Lynn, England, in 1582
Bonnet, Jean: burned alive at Boissy-en-Ferez, France, in 1583
Quattrino, Dominic: burned at Mesolcina, Italy, in 1583

Wirth, Trauben: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 5 July, 1585.
Hacket, Margaret: executed at Tyburn, England, on 19 February, 1585
Reich, Maria: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 5 July, 1585
Treher, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 5 July, 1585
Lachenmeyer, Waldburg: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 5 July, 1585
Uhlmer, Barbara: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 August, 1585
Sailler, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 August, 1585
Rohrfelder, Margaret: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 August, 1585
Marguerite, (last name unknown): burned at Paris, France, in 1586
Martin, Marie: executed in France, in 1586
Mirot, Dominic: burned at Paris, France, in 1586
Erb, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 March, 1586
Schultheiss, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 March, 1586
Schneider, Felicitas: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 March, 1586
Weiss, Agatha: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 October, 1586
Mayer, Christina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 October, 1586
Isel, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 7 November, 1586
Rauffains, Catharina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 7 November, 1586
Stadelmann, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 7 November, 1586
Hoyd, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 November, 1586
Sechelle, (first name unknown): burned at Paris, France, in 1586
Dormar, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 October, 1586
Kleiss, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 30 October, 1586

Execution of a witch by "pressing", the slow piling on of heavy rocks, 1587.

368 persons killed for witchcraft between 18 January, 1587, and 18 November, 1593, in the diocese of Treves.
Fray, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 12 June, 1587.
Kless, Catharina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 12 June, 1587.
Pearson, Alison: burned in Scotland on 28 May, 1588.
133 persons burned in one day at Quedlinburg, in Germany, in 1589.

Joan Prentice, Joan Cony, and Joan Upney, three of the "Chelmsford Witches", hanged in Chelmsford, England, in 1589.

Flade, Dietrich: executed at Treves, 1589.
Huebmeyer, Barbara: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 11 September, 1589.
Huebmeyer, Appela: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 11 September, 1589.
Schnelling, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 11 September, 1589.
Cunny (Coney), Joan: hanged in Chelmsford, England, in 1589.
Upney, Joan: hanged in Chelsford, England, in 1589.
Stubb, Peter: executed as a werewolf near Cologne, Germany, in 1589.
48 witches, their names unrecorded, burned in Wurttemberg, Germany, in 1589.
54 witches, their names unrecorded, burned in Franconia in 1590.
32 witches, their names unrecorded, executed in Nordlingen, Germany in 1590.
From 1590 to 1600, an average of 10 witches per day were burned in the Duchy of Brunswick.
Robson, Donald: executed at North Berwick, England in 1590
Tod, Christian: executed at North Berwick, England in 1590
Lemp, Rebecca: executed in Nordlingen, Germany, on 9 Sept. 1590
Stuell(?), Gertrud (of Klaferd in the Oberholzklau Parish): burned at the stake in Alchen, Gemany, 1590
Cunningham, John: burned at Edinburgh, in January, 1591
Napier, Barbara: hanged in Scotland in 1591
Macalzean, Euphemia: burned alive in Scotland for witchcraft, on 25 June, 1591

Sampsoune, Agnes: tried, strangled, and burnt for a witch in Scotland 1591

Fian, John: hanged at Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1591

Duncan, Gellie: hanged in Scotland in 1591
Rue, Abel de la: of Coulommiers, France, accused of witchcraft on 20 July, 1592
Samuels, (family of 3): condemned to death for witchcraft in Warboys, England, on 4 April, 1593
Rosseau, (father,and daughter): of France, accused of witchcraft on 2 October 1593
Birenseng, Agata: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 25 June, 1594
Fray, Margaret: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 25 June, 1594
Balfour, Alison: burned at Edinburgh, Scotland, on 16 December, 1594
Crierson, Robert: executed at North Berwick, England in 1594
Calles, Helen: executed at Braynford, England, on 1 December, 1595
Newell, John: executed at Barnett, England, on 1 December, 1595
Newell, Joane: executed at Barnett, England, on 1 December, 1595
Cockie, Isabel: burnt as a witch, at a cost of 105 s. 4 p., in England 1596
Jollie, Alison: executed in Scotland, in October, 1596
Beaumont, Sieur de: accused of witchcraft on 21 October, 1596
Stewart, Christian: strangled and burned in Scotland, in November, 1596
Belon, Jean: executed in France, in 1597
Porte, Vidal de la: condemned at Riom, France, in 1597
Bean, Margrat: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Leyis, Thomas: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Gerard, Katherine: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Grant, Jonet: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Gwinner, Else: executed in Germany, 21 Dec, 1597
Spaldarg, Jonet: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Grant, Marion: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Man, Andro: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Wisherr, Jonet: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Og, Margrat: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Oige, Issobell: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Richie, Issobell: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Reid, Christen: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Rogie, Helen: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Goodridge, Alse: executed at Darbie, England, in 1597
Laubbach (wife): executed at Eichstatt, Germany, in 1597
Roulet, Jacques: burned alive for being a were-wolf, at Angiers, France, in 1597
Chamoulliard, (first name unknown): burned in France, in 1597
Aupetit, Pierre: burned at Bordeaux, France, in 1598
Hoppo, (first name unknown): executed in Germany in 1599
Kerke, Anne: executed at Tyburn, England, in 1599
Stadlin, (first name unknown): executed in Germany in 1599
77 witches, their names unrecorded, burned in Vaud, Switzerland, in 1599.

Conquest of the Americas

By the year 1600, Spanish Christians had looted and plundered across the new world bringing the benefits of Christianity to the indigenous people, 60,000,000 of whom were killed in the process.

Pappenheimer, Anna: executed in Bavaria, 1600
Bruno, Giordano: Following 7 years in prison for heresy, burned at the stake in Rome on 2/17/1600.

Pope Clement VIII ordered the statue of Pope John VIII (Pope Joan) at the Cathedral of Siena to be altered into a statue of Pope Zacharias in 1601.

Gwinner, Else: executed in Germany on 21 Dec. 1601
Pannel, Mary: executed in Yorkshire, England, in 1603

Harrisson, Joanna: executed in Hertford, England, in 1606
Harrisson, (daughter of Joanna): executed in Hertford, England, in 1606
Francoise (last name unknown): burned in France on 30 July, 1606
Grierson, Isobel: burned in Scotland in March, 1607
Tod, Beigis: burned at Lang Nydrie, Scotland, on 27 May, 1608
Dorlady, Mansfredo: burned at Vesoul, France as being the Devil's banker, on 18 January, 1610
Dorlady, Fernando: burned at Vesoul, France as being the Devil's banker, on 18 January, 1610

Gaufridi, Louis: burned at Marseilles, France, at 5:00 pm on 30 April, 1611

Colonists tired of religious persecutions left Jamestown to go live among the indians. Governor Thomas Dale hunted them down and executed them for daring to leave the church.

The Pequod wars. A member of the Massachussetts Bay Colony was found dead, apparently at the hands of the Narragansett indians. Puritan leader John Mason told the puritans that God had ordered war on the indians, but picks the wrong tribe. The Pequod, friendly to the puritans and enemies of the Narragansett were attacked. Citing Deuteronomy 20, the women and children were killed as well. The few survivors were taken as slaves.

Preston, Jennet: executed in York, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Redfearne, Anne: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Robey, Isobel: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Nutter, Alice: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Device, Elizabeth: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Device, James: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Bulcock, John: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Bulcock, Jane: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Demdike, Elizabeth: convicted of witchcraft, but died in prison, in Lancaster, England, in 1612
Device, Alizon: (age 11 years) executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Hewitt, Katherine: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Whittle, Anne: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612

Sutton, Mary: executed in Bedford, England for witchcraft in 1613.

Barber, Mary: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Bill, Arthur: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Browne, Agnes: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Browne, Joan: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Jenkenson, Helen: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Sutton (mother) (first name unknown): executed in Bedford, England for witchcraft in 1613
Hunt, Joan: hanged in Middlesex, England for witchcraft in 1615
Coligny, Gaspard de: Protestant leader executed by the Catholics, his mutilated body left to rot on a gallows.

Catholics sack the city of Magdeburg, Germany, killing 30,000 Protestants. According to a witness, poet Friedrich Schiller, 50 women were beheaded inside a church.

The 30 years' war. 40% of the population of Germany is killed.

Leclerc, (no first name given): condemned for witchcraft, in France 1615
de la Plaine, Sylvanie: burned at Pays de Labourde, France, 1616
Leger, (no first name given): condemmned for witchcraft in France, on 6 May, 1616
Berrye, Agnes: hanged at Enfield, England, in 1616
Smith, Mary: hanged at King's Lynn, England, in 1616
Rutter, Elizabeth: hanged in Middlesex, England in 1616
Galigai, Leonora: beheaded at the Place de Grieve, France, on 8 July, 1617
Audibert, Etienne: condemned for witchcraft in France, on 20 March 1619
Baker, Anne: executed in Leicester, England, in 1619
Green, Ellen: executed in Leicester, England, in 1619
Willimot, Joan: executed in Leicester, England, in 1619
Flower, Joan: died before trial, at Lincoln, England, 1619
Flower, Margaret: executed at Lincoln, England, in March, 1619
Flower, Phillippa: executed at Lincoln, England, in March, 1619
Boulay, Anne: burned at Nancy, France, in 1620
Poiret, (first name unknown): burned at Nancy, France, in 1620

November 3, 1620 - King James I granted the Charter of the Plymouth council. "In the hope thereby to advance the enlargement of the Christian religion, to the glory of God Almighty."

Mundie, Beatrice: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Harlow, Bessie: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Hamyltoun, Christiane: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Kent, Margaret: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Chalmers, Bessie: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Chatto, Marioun: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Sawyer, Elizabeth: hanged at Tyburn, England, on 19 April, 1621
Couper, Marable: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Dyneis, Jonka: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Jones, Katherine: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Reoch, Elspeth: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Scottie, Agnes: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Yullock, Agnes: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Wallace, Margaret: executed in Glascow, Scotland, in 1622
de Chantraine, Anne: burned as a witch in Waret-la-Chaussee, France, on 17 October, 1622

In 1622, Bishop Johann Gottfried von Aschhausen commenced one of the most infamous witch hunts in history, the Bamburg Witch Trials, which lasted just 8 years, condemned over 100,000 people to horrific death by fire. Aschhausen, later succeeded by Witch Bishop Johann Georg II, assembled a special team of lawyers and informants, all of whom were paid handsomely from the confiscated wealth of the condemned.

Haan, George: burned at Bamberg, Germany, circa 1626
Haan, (wife of George): burned at Bamberg, Germany, circa 1626
Haan, (daughter of George): burned at Bamberg, Germany, circa 1626
Haan, (son of George): burned at Bamberg, Germany, circa 1626
Hennot, Catherine: burned alive in Germany in 1627

13 year old Peter Roller was named as an accompliss by one of four condemned witches on 7/16/1627. Encouraged by priests, Roller claimed he was possessed and named others he claimed were in league with the devil. 24 were condemned and executed on his testimony alone. Three more commited suicide while in prison. Three more were permanently crippled by torture. The priests claimed Peter was "cured" and he was released 3/23/1628.

Junius, Johannes: of Bamberg, executed as a witch, on 6 August, 1628
Desbordes, (first name unknown): burned in France, in 1628
Harfner, (first name unknown): hanged herself in the prison of Bamberg, 1628-1629
Ancker, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Babel, Zuickel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Babel, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bannach, (husband) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bannach, (wife) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Basser, Fredrick: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Batsch, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Baunach, (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bebelin, Gabriel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Beck, Viertel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Beck, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Berger, Christopher: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bentz, (mother) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bentz, (daughter) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Beutler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Brickmann, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bugler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bursten-Binderin, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628 - 1629
Canzler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Crots, (son) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Edelfrau, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Eyering, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Fleischbaum, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Gering, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Glaser, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Gobel, Barbara: burned at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Gobel's child, (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Goldschmidt, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Gutbrod, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hafner, (son) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hammellmann, Melchoir: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hans, David: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hans, Kilian: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hirsch, Nicodemus: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hoecker, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hofschmidt, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Holtzmann, Stoffel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hofseiler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Jung, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Kanzler (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Knertz, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Knor, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Kramerin, Schelmerey: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Kuler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Lambrecht, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Liebler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Lutz, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Mark, Bernhard: burned alive at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Meyer, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Rutchser, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schutz, Babel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schwartz, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schenck, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schellhar, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schickelte, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schneider, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schleipner, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schwarz, (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schwerdt, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Shultz (infant), (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Steicher, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Steinacher, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stepper, (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stolzberger, (son) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stolzberger, (wife) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stolzberger, (granddaughter) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stuber, Laurence: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Sturmer, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Seiler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Silberhans, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Steinbach, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stier, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Tungerslieber, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Wagner, Michael: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Vaecker, Paul: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Wagner, (first name unknown): burnt alive at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Wirth, Klingen: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Wunth, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Haus, (wife) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Rum, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Valkenburger, (daughter) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Weydenbusch, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629

Hunter, Alexander: burned at Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1629
Geissler, Clara: strangled at Gelnhausen, Germany circa 1630
Utley, (first name unknown): hanged at Lancaster, England, in 1630
Valee, Melchoir de la: burned at Nancy, France, in 1631
Bull, Edmund: hanged at Taunton, England, in 1631

Galileo

Galileo was condemned and tortured in 1632...

Pomp, Anna: executed at Lindheim, Germany, in 1633

Grandier, Urbain: burned alive for witchcraft at Loudon, France, on 18 August, 1634.

Smallpox brought with the pilgrims wiped out the natives living near the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635. Governor John Winthrop thanks god for removing the indians from lands the pilgrims wanted.

January 14, 1638 - The towns of Hartford, Weathersfield and Windsor adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut."To mayntayne and presearve the liberty and purity of the Gospell of our Lord Jesus, which we now professe..." 25 years later, the town Hartford goes on a witch hunt.

Lamb, Dr.: stoned to death by a mob at St. Paul's Cross, London, England, in 1640

Barker, Janet: burned in Scotland in 1643
Brown, Janet: burned in Scotland in 1643
Brugh, John: burned in Scotland in 1643
Fynnie, Agnes: burned in Scotland in 1643
Cumlaquoy, Marian: burned at Orkney, Scotland in 1643
Lauder, Margaret: burned in Scotland in 1643
Peebles, Marion: burned in Scotland in 1643
Wanderson, (first name unknown): executed in England, in January, 1644.

Williford, Joan: executed at Faversham, Kent, England, on 29 Sept. 1645
Lowes, John: hanged at Bury, England, about 1645
Cardien, Joan: executed at Faversham, Kent, England, on 29 Sept. 1645
Holt, Jane: executed at Faversham, Kent, England, on 29 Sept. 1645
Lakeland, (first name unknown): burned at Ipswich, England, in 1645
Louis, (first name unknown): executed at Suffolk, England, in 1646
Baroni, Catterina: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Camelli, Domenica: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Caveden, Lucia: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Cemola, Zinevra: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Gratiadei, Domenica: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Younge, Alse: hanged in Connecticut, North America, on 26 May, 1647
Boulle, Thomas: burned alive at Rouen, France, on 21 August, 1647
Jones, Margaret: executed in Charlestown, North America, on 15 June, 1648
Chmielnitzki massacres: In Poland about 200,000 Jews were slain in 1648.

Four witches, names not recorded, being hung.

Bulmer, Matthew: hanged at Newcastle, England, in 1649
Knott, Elizabeth: hanged at St. Albans, England, in 1649
Palmer, John: hanged at St. Albans, England, in 1649
Allen, Joan: hanged at the Old Bailey, London, England, in 1650
Lake, Alice: executed at Boston, MA (?) ca. 1651
Adamson, Francis: executed at Durham, England, in 1652
Peterson, Joan: hanged at Tyburn, England, on 12 April, 1652
Huxley, Catherine: hanged at Worcester, England in the summer of 1652
Ashby, Anne: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Browne, Mary: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Martyn, Anne: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Reade, Mary: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Wilson, Anne: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Wright, Mildred: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Powle, (first name unknown): executed at Durham, England, in 1652
Newman, Elizabeth: executed at Whitechapel, England in 1653
Bodenham, Anne: hanged at Salisbury, England, in 1653

Boram, (mother) (first name unknown): hung at Bury St Edmunds, England, in 1655
Boram, (daughter) (first name unknown): hung at Bury St Edmunds, England, in 1655

Hibbins, Anne: hanged in Boston, Massachusetts on 19 June, 1656

Brooks, Jane: hanged in England on 26 March, 1658
Oliver, Mary: burned at Norwich, England, in 1658
Orchard, (first name unknown): executed at Salisbury, England, in 1658

Dyer, Mary: hung in Massachucetts, N. America, 1 June, 1660
Brose, Elizabeth: tortured to death in the castle of Gommern, Germany, on 4 November, 1660

Allen, Jonet: burned in Scotland in 1661
Greensmith, (first name unknown): hanged in Hartford, New England, on 20 January, 1662
Vuil, Daniel: executed in Beaufort, Canada, in 1662
Schuler, (first name not known): burned at Lindheim, Germany on 23 February, 1663
Rullmann, ( first name unknown, the wife of Friedrich): executed on March 1, l664, Lindheim, Germany
Reuneg, Anna : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Reuneg, Else : executed in the summer of l663, Lindheim, Germany
Reuneg, Katharina : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Euler, Anna : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Metzler, Elisabeth : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Meurer, Katharina : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Schneider, Margarethe (wife of Andreas): executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Ellroth, ( first name unknown, The wife of Balthasar Ellroth): executed on June 17, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Schneider, Margarethe (wife of Hans): executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Reuneg, Johann: executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Esch, Klaus : executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Kuhn (Bäcker-Margreth), Margarethe : executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Leschier, Heinrich and Maria: executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Brack, (first name unknown, the wife of Heinrich): executed on 25 August, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Pöppel, Hans : executed on 25 August, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Weber, Katharina: executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Cox, Julian: executed at Taunton, England, in 1663
Schüler, Martha: burned at Lindheim, Germany, 23 February, 1664
Cullender, Rose: executed at Bury St Edmunds, England, on 17 March 1664
Duny, Amy: executed at Bury St Edmunds, England, on 17 March, 1664
Reuneg, Philipp: executed on March 1, l664, Lindheim, Germany
Style, Elizabeth: died in prison, at Taunton, England, in 1664

Newspaper story of the conviction and execution of witch Anna Eberlehrin, 1669.

Oswald, Catherine: burned in Scotland in 1670
Weir, Thomas: burned between Edinburgh and Leith, Scotland, on 11 April, 1670
Drummond, Alexander: executed in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1670

Foster, Anne: hanged at Northhampton, England, in 1674
Baguely, Mary: hung at Chester, England, 1675

Preists blessing the instruments of torture in Germany, 1676.

Cotton Mather, pastor of the Second Church of Boston, called King Philip's War a BBQ. Mather, who later gained fame during the Salem Witch trials, thanked god for the smallpox which kill off the indians, then ordered his followers to kill the surviving men. The women and children were sold into slavery.

Craw, William: burned in Scotland in 1680
Hamilton, Margaret: burned in Scotland in 1680
Deshayes, Catherine: burned on 22 February, 1680
Thompson, Annaple: burned in Scotland in 1680
Vickar, Bessie: burned in Scotland in 1680
Pringle, Margaret: burned in Scotland in 1680
Pichler, (name unknown, son of Emerenziana, aged 12): burned at Defereggen, Germany, on 27 September, 1680
Pichler, (name unknown, son of Emerenziana, aged 14): burned at Defereggen, Germany, on 27 September, 1680
Pichler, Emerenziana: burned at Defereggen, Germany, on 25 September, 1680

Trembles, Mary: hanged at Bideford (Heavitree), England, 25 August, 1682
Edwards, Susanna: hanged at Bideford (Heavitree), England, 25 August, 1682
Lloyd, Temperance: hanged at Bideford (Heavitree), England, 25 August, 1682

Molland, Alice: executed at Exeter, England, 1684

Glover, Goody: hanged at Salem, New England, in 1688

The Executed Salem Witches

Osburne, Sarah: died in prison at Boston, Massachusetts, 10 May, 1692
Bishop, Briget: hanged at Salem, New England on 10 June, 1692
Good, Sarah: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
How, Elizabeth: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
Martin, Susannah: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
Nurse, Rebecca: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
Wildes, Sarah: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
Jacobs, George: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Burroughs, George: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Carrier, Martha: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Corey, Giles: pressed to death at Salem, New England, on 19 September, 1692
Willard, John: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Procter, John: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Wardwell, Samuel: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Corey, Martha: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Scott, Margaret: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Parker, Alice: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Parker, Mary: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Pudeator, Anne: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Reed, Wilmot: executed at Salem, New england, on 22 September, 1692
Easty, Mary: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692

Hansen, Anna: Arrested on suspicion of witchcraft 6/17/1692. Tortured into confession, she was beheaded just three weeks later.
Chambers, (first name unknown): died in prison, in England, in 1693

Reid, John: hanged himself in prison, in Scotland, in 1697

MacEwen, Elspeth: Kirkcudbright Prison in Scotland, 1698
Coneman, (widow): executed in Coggeshall, England in 1699
Laing, Beatrix: executed in Scotland, 1704
Townsend, Amey: mob violence, St. Albans, England, 08 January, 1700

Adams, Thomas: executed in Pittenweem, Scotland in 1704
Lang, Beatrix: died in Pittenweem, Scotland in 1704
Cornfoot (Corset), Janet: killed by a mob at Pittenweem, Scotland in 1704
Rattray, George: executed in Spott, Scotland, in 1705
Rattray, Lachlan: executed in Spott, Scotland, in 1705
Philipps, Mary: Northamtonshire, England, executed on 17 March 1705
Shaw, Elinor: Northamtonshire, England, executed on 17 March 1705
Horne, Janet of Dornoch: burned as a witch in Ross-shire (Scotland), June 1707
Massachussetts formally pardons most of the witchs hung at Salem. The rest will be pardoned in 1957.
Mossau, Renata von: beheaded and burned in Bavaria, Germany, on 21 June, 1749
Osborne, (husband) (first name unknown): killed by a mob of Christians at Tring, Herefordshire, England, on 22 April, 1750
Osborne, (wife) Ruth: killed by a mob at Tring, Herefordshire, England, on 22 April, 1750

Bayerin, Anna: executed at Salzburg, Austria, in 1751
Veronica Zerritsch: age 13, executed in Bavaria, Germany in 1754

Father Juniperro Serra and the California Missions

In 1767, Father Juniperro Serra arrived in Baja, California as the President of the Baja California Missions. His task was to extend the chain of Missions up along the California coast. While overtly religious, the missions were actually stockades built to withstand popular uprisings against the Missionaries (of which there are many) and spaced less than a day's ride apart to provide protection to traveling clergy.

Following in the tradition of Columbus, the Spanish Conquestadores assigned to the missions rounded up Native Americans from the surrounding countryside and corraled them into the missions to work. As they died, the Padres attempted to convert them. At the mission of Nuestra Señora de Loreto, reported the Franciscan chronicler Father Francisco Paloú, during the first three years of Franciscan rule 76 children and adults were baptized, while 131 were buried... The same held true at others, from the mission of Santa Rosaliá de Mulegé, with 48 baptisms and 113 deaths, to the mission of San Ignacio, with 115 baptisms and 293 deaths - all within the same initial three year period.

For some missions, such as those of San José del Cabo and Santiago de las Coras, no baptism or death statistics were reported, because there were so few survivors [...] that there was no reason for counting [...] And what was done was simply that they brought more natives in, under military force of arms.

In short, the missions were furnaces of death that sustained their Indian population levels for as long as they did only by driving more and more natives into their confines to compensate for the huge numbers who were being killed once they got there. [...] Thus for example, one survey of life and death in an early Arizona mission has turned up statistics showing that at one time an astonishing 93 percent of the children born within its walls died before the age of ten - and yet the mission's total population did not drastically decline. [SH136f]

There was, of course, good reason for the Indians to fear the consequences of running away and being caught: Some of the run-away men were tied on sticks and beaten with straps. One chief was taken out to the open field and a young calf which had just died was skinned and the chief was sewed into the skin while it was yet warm. He was kept tied to a stake all day, but he died soon and they kept his corpse tied up.

Nathan, Abraham: executed at Haeck, Germany, on 24 September, 1772
Schwaegel, Anna Maria: beheaded at Kempten, Germany, on 11 April, 1775

Goeldi, Anna: hanged at Glaris, Switzerland, on 17 June, 1782

The Christianizing of Tahiti

There followed a reign of terror. Persistent unbelievers were put to death and a penal code was drawn up by the missionaries and enforced by the mission police. it was declared illegal to adorn oneself with flowers, to sing (other than hymns), to surf or to dance. A moral code of such strictness was then enforced that a man walking with his arm round a woman at night was compelled to carry a lantern in his free hand. On the island of Raiatea a man who forecast the weather was treated as a witchdoctor and put to death.

Within a quarter of a century the process by which the native culture of Tahiti had been extinguished was exported to every corner of the Pacific, reducing the islanders to the level of the working class of Victorian England.

Captain James Cook estimated that 200,000 people were living on Tahiti. After thirty years of missionary rule, only 6,000 remained.

Bateman, Mary: Yorkshire, England, 1808
Russel, Alice: killed by a mob at Great Paxton, England, 20 May, 1808

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Why suffer from Egyptoparallelophobia, when you can read Christ in Egypt? Try it - you'll like it:

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PostPosted: Tue Mar 02, 2010 5:33 pm 
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...the fraud of the ages.

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The Jesus Mythicist Creed:
The "Jesus Christ" of the New Testament is a fictional composite of characters, real and mythical. A composite of multiple "people" is no one.

The celestial Origins of Religious Belief
ZG Part 1
Jesus: Hebrew Human or Mythical Messiah?


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PostPosted: Sat Mar 13, 2010 10:35 pm 
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Maria Tzani is a Professor of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Pedagogical Department of Social Education) where she also teaches. Furthermore, she is the Head of the Laboratory "Biophysical Environment: Neuroscience & Education" and responsible for the direction of the Postgraduate Studies "Sociobiology, Neuroscience and Education" at the University of Athens.

With a rich research, teaching and social contribution to society, she is well known to the public for her interest in issues of National, Cultural and Educational importance. An author of many works, she has dedicated her life in the emergence of those values that makes us human and able to coexist with one another, to fight for those ideals that even though they first appeared in Greece, they are universal values for all mankind.

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